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So let's see some math in \LaTeX: $\sqrt{a^2+b^2}$, $\lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{2x+1}{3x+5}$,
$\alpha = \psi\circ\beta\circ\psi^{-1}$. And
$$
\lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{2x+1}{3x+5} \qquad\qquad \sum_{i=1}^\infty \frac1{n^2}
\qquad\qquad \{r\in \mathcal{R} : r^2<0\} = \emptyset
$$
As you can see, the command words are usually easy to figure out. Underbar means
the next symbol (or group of symbols, if they are bound together in braces) is
made a subscript, and caret means superscript. Some command words, like the one
for limit, just put the same word in normal (Roman) type. One tricky thing is the
symbol I've used here for the real numbers, a capital R is ``mathematical
calligraphy'' type. Notice the differences between $\phi$, $\varphi$ and $\emptyset$;
and between $\epsilon$, $\varepsilon$ and $\in$.
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